The Rachofsky Collection of roughly 800 works of contemporary art generally falls within two broad themes: first, the aesthetic of global minimalism paralleling the architecture of The Rachofsky House, including but not limited to American Minimalism, post-war European art, with a specific focus on Italian art, and the art of post-war Japan; secondly, the exploration of the post-war notion of identity, encompassing much of the representational work from around the globe. Of particular significance to the collection are works by:

Janine Antoni
Alighiero Boetti
Alberto Burri
Nigel Cooke
Lucio Fontana
Tom Friedman
Robert Gober
Felix Gonzalez-Torres
Mark Grotjahn
Mona Hatoum
Donald Judd
Piero Manzoni
Mario Merz
Marisa Merz
Sadamasa Motonaga
Saburo Murakami
Giulio Paolini
Giuseppe Penone
Michelangelo Pistoletto
Sigmar Polke
Richard Prince
Gerhard Richter
Robert Ryman
Nobuo Sekine
Kazuo Shiraga
Jiro Takamatsu
Atsuko Tanaka